Failing to take care of your teeth could result in cavities. What Are Cavities? They are tiny holes or openings that appear on the hard surface of the teeth. Cavities are also called as caries or tooth decay, which are caused due to one or many reasons such bad oral hygiene, high sugar intake and frequent snacking. Tooth decay or cavity is one of the common health problems in the world, and it affects people of any ages. In short, we can say that anyone with teeth has the risk of getting cavities. You can know more here about the cavities on the Internet and other resources.
If you don’t treat cavities at the earliest, then the tiny holes can get bigger and damage the teeth severely. Cavities can result in infection, toothache and tooth loss. Habits like daily brushing, flossing, and regularly visiting the dentist can minimize the risk of getting cavities.
The symptoms and signs of the cavities may vary, depending on different factors like location and severity. You are less likely to experience any noticeable symptoms when the cavity is in the beginning stage. The signs and symptoms will start showing up as the cavity gets bigger over the period time. Some of the symptoms are:
· Tooth sensitivity
· Mild to stinging pain while drinking and eating something cold, hot or sweet
· Pits or visible holes in your teeth surface
· Black or brown stains on the teeth surface
· Pain when biting or chewing the food
Visiting a Dentist
Detecting the cavities during the formation stage is highly impossible. This is why you should visit dentists regularly to have your teeth checked and cleaned thoroughly. You should visit the dentist as soon as possible if you experience symptoms like mouth pain or toothache.
Tooth decay is the primary reason for causing cavities in the teeth. Tooth decay is a process that does not happen overnight but in a phased manner. Let us see how tooth decay forms.
Plaque formation: Dental plaque is a clear coating on your teeth. It happens when you eat lots of starches and sugars and failing to clean the teeth properly. Settled starches and sugars can invite bacteria, thereby resulting in the formation of plaque. The layer of plaque can get harder over time, and they can become tough to remove.
Plaque attacks: Plaques contain acids that can erode the minerals in your tooth’s enamel. This erosion leads to tiny holes or openings in the enamel – earlier stage of cavities. After the enamel gets eroded completely, the bacteria can attack the next or further layer of the teeth. This inner layer is softer, and they have less resistant to bacteria and acid.
Further destruction: When the tooth decay is unchecked, it further destructs the inner layer (pulp) of the teeth that constitutes blood vessels and nerves. When this happens, you will start experiencing severe pain and swelling in your mouth.
Calcium deficiency can also significantly increase the risk of getting cavities. Calcium is a mineral that is responsible for the formation and strengthening of the bones and teeth. When you are calcium deficient, your will teeth will not have enough strength to withstand the bacteria and acid attacks.